State of Open Hardware in Europe

Introduction

OSHdata findings show that the Open Source Hardware (OSH) community is dynamic, growing, and still in its early days as a formal movement. For context, know that this report relies on the Open Source Hardware definition and the Open Source Hardware certification program, as defined by the Open Source Hardware Association. Learn more by visiting the Open Source Hardware Association’s website.

As of February 2020, there are over 400 certified projects from 36 countries spanning five continents. The certification rate is increasing, too. Getting from 200 to 300 certified projects took nearly a year, but getting from 300 to 400 took a little over six months. Nearly 60% of the certified projects are available for sale at an average sale price of $211.47, though there is a big range here. The leading project categories include: electronics, 3D printing, tools, and education.

Comparative Output

If the European Union were a country, it would be second only to the United States in terms of the number of certified projects. European companies and creators have certified 125 different projects, versus 215 in the United States. Combined, they represent 85% of all certified projects worldwide.

Pie chart visual showing OSHW share by geographic region, with the United States leading with over 50%.

See a dynamic and interactive visualization of these trends — showing country leadership by month dating back to 2016 below:

Quality of Work

It is important to note that the earlier measures merely focus on quantity, not quality. Select projects represent an evolutionary step forward because of the complex and “full stack” nature of the projects themselves. A simple 3D model can be considered an Open Source Hardware design, but there is a categorical difference between a widget and electronics that can function in outer space.

European companies and creators are contributing across a breadth of fields from high end cameras (like the AXIOM from Apertus in Austria) and satellite equipment (like SatNOGS in Greece). They are also creating the enabling technologies that support industrial capability (e.g. sensors, breakout boards, and Internet-connected devices).

Broad Participation

Participation spans the continent. While technology and manufacturing leaders like Germany and France are well represented, the Open Source Hardware capital of Europe is Plovdiv, Bulgaria thanks to the outsized contributions from companies like Olimex and ANAVI Technology. Other participating countries include: Greece, Sweden, Croatia, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Belgium, and Norway.

Top CountriesTotal
Bulgaria59
Germany14
France8
Spain7
Switzerland7
United Kingdom7

Shortcomings and Omissions

This report doesn’t capture the impact of companies who make products that meet the Open Source Hardware definition but have not (yet) certified their products (e.g. Ultimaker in the Netherlands, Arduino in Italy, and Prusa Research in the Czech Republic). It also does not reflect work by organizations like CERN advancing initiatives like KiCAD (PCB design software) and open licenses.

Finally, this report fails to fully capture the open source software development that occurs in conjunction with hardware development. Complementary projects might include desktop computer software for controlling a machine, or firmware that governs a device during operation.

About OSHdata

OSHdata is an independent project that launched in 2020, starting by taking a look back and generating a static report about the state of the Open Source Hardware (OSH) ahead of the 10th Annual Open Hardware Summit in March 2020. OSHdata is led by Harris Kenny and Steven Abadie, two members of the Open Source Hardware community who have contributed to the certification of dozens of products over the past five years. Learn more about OSHdata

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